These include the phasing out of all trade preferences established since 1975 between the EU and the ACP countries and the gradual elimination of barriers to trade between partners. The Comoros signed the agreement in July 2017. It ratified it and began to implement it in February 2019. For the latest information, see: EU Trade Agreement with ESA countries Through the agreement, the EU also contributes to the ASE Light Satellites initiative, Low Cost, Launch Opportunities (LLL), in particular for proof-of-concept demonstration flights for the Vega Small Spacecraft Mission Service (SSMS) and the Ariane 6 Microsat Share Launch (MLS). [1] [needs to be updated] The interim EPA contains a rendezvous clause for the negotiation of other trade-related areas, such as rules and commitments on services and investment, sustainable development and competition (known as the “deepening process”). The five countries already implementing the agreement have said they are willing to move to a broader agreement beyond trade in goods. .